The military Invasion of Grenada, code-named Operation Urgent Fury, was a 1983 United States-led invasion of Grenada. The invasion was triggered by a bloody military coup which had ousted a four-year revolutionary government, the invasion resulted in a restoration of the rightful constitutional government, or at least this was what the general public was lead to believe. It was felt to be overly controversial due to charges of American imperialism, Cold War politics, the involvement of Cuba and the Soviet Union.
Media outside the U.S. covered the invasion in a negative outlook despite the OAS (Organization of American States) request for intervention , Soviet and Cuban presence on the island and “allegedly” the holding of American medical students hostage at the True Blue Medical Facility. This was the published story for the press and the world. However through documents obtained from rebel factions, the area was entirely part of the training group calling themselves “REVUELTA”. The True Blue Medical Facility and surrounding buildings were in reality, a full scale Soviet Training military training facility with underground tunnels connecting the campus to the airport only 0.5 KM away. The “Student Hostages” were in fact C.I.A. Operatives that had been detained after obtaining confidential files about the weapons project from the Soviets.
In addition – they were protecting something; A new weapon that the Soviets were building that would alter the course of the cold war. This was the first part of the cover-up. Confidential files revealed that the hostage crisis was in fact fabricated by member of the C.I.A. and Joint Chiefs where by creating a crisis which would require the action of the President and the full resources of the US Military.
Additional de-classified documents through the Freedom of Information Act revealed that Cuban and Soviet forces were in fact training the resistance in an effort to destabilize the region. Soviet SPETSNAZ forces along with the Cuban Special Guard had taken refuge near the airport where the Soviet Government was in fact building an underground nuclear launch site.
The invasion began on 25 October 1983, less than 48 hours after the bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut. Further documents indicate that the bombing itself was part of a large joint military CIA operation to create the illusion of a Marxist threat with ties to both Iran and Soviet Russia. It was designed as fuel to validate the extreme force used in Grenada. The US Forces didn’t expect to meet with such resistance.
The US Army's Rapid Deployment Force which contained members of the 1st& 2nd Ranger Battalions and 82nd Airborne Division Paratroopers, Marines, Army Delta Force and Navy SEALS and other combined forces consisted of the 7,600 troops from the United States.
During the invasion several explosions were noted by US Forces that could not be attributed to US Strikes. Some even believed that in fact the Soviets had built an entire underground city under the airport, as a way of concealing the entirely of their operations.
The government of Grenada began constructing the Point Salines International Airport with the help of Britain, Cuba, Libya, Algeria, and other nations. The U.S. government accused Grenada of constructing facilities to aid a Soviet-Cuban military build-up in the Caribbean based upon the 9,000 ft length, which could accommodate the largest Soviet aircraft like the An-12, An-22 and the An-124, which would enhance the Soviet and Cuban transportation of weapons to Central American insurgents and expand Soviet regional influence. Grenada’s government claimed that the airport was built to accommodate commercial aircraft carrying tourists, pointing out that such jets could not land at Pearl's Airstrip on the island’s north end (5,200 ft) and couldn't be expanded because its runway abutted a mountain and the ocean at the other end.
In March 1983, U.S President Ronald Reagan began issuing warnings about the threat posed to the United States and the Caribbean by the "Soviet-Cuban militarization" of the Caribbean as evidenced by the excessively long airplane runway being built, as well as intelligence sources indicating increased Soviet interest in the island. He said that the 9,000-foot (2,700 m) runway and the numerous fuel storage tanks were unnecessary for commercial flights, and that evidence pointed that the airport was to become a Cuban-Soviet forward military airbase.
THE OFFICIAL REPORT TO THE JOINT CHIEFS: Although the U.S. Forces “reported”: sustained 19 killed and 116 wounded; Cuban Regulars sustained 25 killed, 59 wounded and 638 combatants captured. Grenadian REVUELTA forces casualties were 45 killed and 358 wounded; at least 24 civilians were killed, several of whom were killed in the accidental bombing of a Grenadian mental hospital. The U.S. however vastly under-reported the casualty list in an effort to gain favor in the U.S. Media.
Through join efforts between the US Air Force and US ARMY Corp of engineers, the US began the second phase of their plan code named VICTOR ALPHA. US Forces began to infiltrate the underground city build by the Soviets.
Analysis by the U.S. Department of Defense showed a need for improved communications and coordination between the branches of the U.S. forces. U.S. Congressional investigations of many of the reported problems resulted in the most important legislative change affecting the U.S. military organization, doctrine, career progression, and operating procedures since the end of World War II – the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986.
The Goldwater-Nichols Act reworked the command structure of the United States military, thereby making the most sweeping changes to the United States Department of Defense since the department was established in the National Security Act of 1947. It increased the powers of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and created the concept of a truly unified joint U.S. forces (i.e., Army, Air Force, Marines, and Navy forces organized under one command).
One of the first reorganizations resulting from both the Department of Defense analysis and the legislation was the formation of the U.S. Special Operations Command in 1987.This conflict in 1983 thusly solidified the second goal for VICTOR ALPHA, the role of the US President at Supreme Commander in Chief.
VICTOR ALPHA was to continue user the Black Ops divisions of the Military with over site by the CIA. The goal was to discover the true nature of the operations and weapons capabilities of the Soviets with their activities at Point Salines.
Although this Black Ops operation had revealed nothing further, the facility at Point Salines continued to be under observation.
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